How to Become a Criminalist

how to become a criminalist

The fields of law enforcement and forensic science are both broad fields that offer many job opportunities. One job that has become quite popular in recent years is that of a criminalist. Criminalists play an important part in solving crimes. Read on to learn more about this profession and how to become a criminalist.

What is a Criminalist?

Although the term criminalist is often used to describe a certain profession, criminalist is a term that describes several different jobs in the forensic science field. Criminalists are also often referred to as forensic science technicians or crime scene investigators One of the criminalist’s main jobs is to go to crime scenes to look for evidence.

Their knowledge of forensic science and criminology allows them to go through the evidence and determine what evidence should be collected and how it should be collected. Once they find evidence, they research it or may choose to send it to state crime labs for further evaluation. They draw sketches and take photos of the crime scene.

Some of the evidence they may collect include bodily fluids, weapons, and fingerprints. They also work with DNA to find further evidence. Criminalists often consult with experts in related fields like toxicology and odontology. Criminalists provide the information and evidence to answer the “who, what, where, when and how” questions regarding the crime.

Career Outlook for Criminalists

Working as a criminalist can be challenging and very rewarding. Individuals pursuing careers as criminalists can expect good job growth and the possibility of various career opportunities. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) doesn’t provide specific career information for criminalists but does for forensic science technicians.

The BLS predicts that forensic science technicians should see a 14 percent job growth during the 2019-2029 decade. About 2,400 new forensic science technician jobs should be created by 2029. Where a criminalist chooses to work can play an important role in career outlook.

For instance, a criminalist working in a small town will typically see fewer opportunities than one working in a large city where the crime rate is higher. Below are the states with the highest number of forensic science technicians employed as well as the number employed as of May 2020.

States with the Highest Number of Criminalists

New York910

Below are the states with the least number of criminal investigators employed.

Least number of Criminalists by State

West Virginia190
South Dakota220
North Dakota340

The number of employed forensic science technicians may be higher because many of these professionals are doing the job of forensic science technicians but are working under a different title such as crime investigator or crime scene investigator to name a couple. Forensic science technicians with advanced degrees and experience may earn supervisory or administrative positions.

Criminalist Salary

Criminalists have the potential to earn very good salaries. According to a May 2020 BLS report, forensic science technicians earned an average annual wage of $60,590 with the wages ranging from $36,630 to $100,910 or more. Their average hourly wage is $29.13.

Criminal investigators, another title criminalist might hold, earned wages ranging from $46,020 to $146,000 with an average annual wage of $86,940. Their average hourly wage was $41.80. Several factors can affect earning potential, including:

  • Years of Experience
  • Degree Level
  • Certifications Earned
  • Employer
  • Geographical Location

The factor that plays the biggest part in determining wage potential is generally location. Below are the states where forensic science technicians can earn the highest wages. Their average annual wage is also listed.

  • California – $88,090
  • Illinois – $85,690
  • Massachusetts – $79,200
  • Oregon – $76,970
  • Alaska – $74,100

Below are the states where forensic science technicians earn the lowest wages of the states reported.

  • South Carolina – $39,550
  • New Mexico – $39,870
  • North Carolina – $45,820
  • Arkansas – $45,920
  • Georgia – $46,670

Below are the states where criminal investigators earned the highest wages.

  • Alaska – $126,340
  • Maryland – $113,500
  • Hawaii – $113,150
  • California – $111,480
  • New Jersey – $106,120

Below are the states where criminal investigators earned the lowest wages.

  • Arkansas – $48,660
  • South Carolina – $50,200
  • Louisiana – $53,200
  • Mississippi – $54,250
  • North Carolina – $53,590

When you compare the lowest-paying state with the highest paying state, it’s easy to see how location can affect earning potential for both forensic science technicians and criminal investigators.

How to Become a Criminalist

While it is possible to find work as a criminalist by just having a high school diploma and completing training, most employers prefer the candidate have a bachelor’s degree in chemistry, forensic science, molecular biology, physics, or a similar physical science. More and more federal agencies are requiring criminalists possess a master’s degree.

Step 1: Obtain a bachelor’s degree

The bachelor’s degree is a four-year program that focuses on all areas of forensic science and criminology. In this career, the major the student chooses is not nearly as important as the courses the student takes. In addition to completing physical science courses, the student should also take statistics.

Other courses or specialization areas the student may take include fire, trace evidence, wildlife forensic science, controlled substances, firearms, toolmark identification, and biology/DNA.

Step 2: Complete an internship

When choosing a criminalist training program, the candidate should try to find a program accredited by the Forensic Science Education Programs Accreditation Commission. Completing as many internships as possible can be a real boost to a resume. Some employers believe that the real-world experience obtained through an internship is almost as important as the education.

In addition to the education and training criminalists must have, they must possess other skills equally important to the job.

  • The must possess strong communication skills.
  • They must be detail-oriented.
  • They must have good analysis skills.
  • They must be able to be professional at all times.
  • They must be critical thinkers.
  • They must have problem-solving skills.
  • They must be good in science and math.

Step 3: Qualify for a position

Prior to being hired as a criminalist, the candidate must pass a background check, a drug test, a polygraph test, and a physical examination.

Day in the Life

Criminalist’s time is spent working in the lab and working out in the field. When they’re out in the field at crime scenes, they have many duties.

  • Making drawings and taking pictures of the evidence and crime scene
  • Analyzing the area to determine which evidence is important and should be collected
  • Recording information such as the location of evidence
  • Collecting evidence such as DNA, bodily fluids, fingerprints, weapons, and related items
  • Cataloging the evidence and ensuring secure transfer to the crime lab

When they’re working in the lab, they have different but equally important jobs to do.

  • Performing microscopic and chemical analysis of crime scene evidence
  • Using scientific analysis to determine possible connections between suspects and criminal activity
  • Consulting with experts in the field and in related fields
  • Using computers to analyze evidence from crime scenes
  • Attempting to match evidence to people or vehicles
  • Preparing reports of their findings to others in the field
  • Testifying in court as expert witnesses

Because crimes are committed in different places at different times of the day, criminalists are required to work in any weather condition. The evidence must be collected as soon as possible to protect its integrity. One of the most important parts of the criminalist’s work is to accurately analyze what the evidence means.

They are also required to work not just days but also nights, weekends, and even holidays. Some criminalists choose to work alone in the lab while others assist law enforcement agencies and other specialists. They may also be required to travel throughout the city or local area. Those who choose to work alone in the lab don’t often go out in the field to crime scenes.

Licensure, Certifications, and Continuing Education

FEPAC Accredited Bachelor’s Degree Programs

You can find more information about the American Academy of Forensic Sciences here.

FEPAC Accredited Bachelor’s Degree Programs

Albany State University
Albany, GA
Bachelors in Forensic Science
Alfred State – SUNY College of Technology
Alfred, NY
Bachelors in Forensic Science Technology
Bowling Green State University
Bowling Green, OH
Bachelors in Forensic Science
Buffalo State College SUNY
Buffalo, NY
Bachelors in Forensic Chemistry
Cedar Crest College
Allentown, PA
Bachelors in Forensic Science and Genetic Engineering, Concentration in Forensic Science
Eastern Kentucky University
Richmond, KY
Bachelors in Forensic Science – Biology and Chemistry Options, Bachelors in Digital Forensics and Cybersecurity
Florida International University
Miami, FL
Bachelors in Forensic Science, Certificate in Forensic Science
Indiana University Purdue University
Indianapolis, IN
Bachelors in Forensic and Investigative Sciences
Lasell University
Newton, MA
Bachelors in Forensic Science
Laurentian University
Sudbury, Ontario, Canada
Bachelors in Forensic Science (Single Specialization) and Forensic Science and Chemistry (Combined Specialization)
Liberty University
Lynchburg, VA
Bachelors in Forensic Science
Loyola University-Chicago
Chicago, IL
Bachelors in Forensic Science
Madonna University
Livonia, MI
Bachelors in Forensic Science
Middle Tennessee State University
Murfreesboro, TN
Bachelors in Forensic Science
Ohio University
Athens, OH
Bachelors in Forensic Chemistry
Texas A&M University
College Station, TX
Bachelors in Forensic and Investigative Sciences
The Pennsylvania State University
University Park, PA
Bachelors in Forensic Science
Towson University
Towson, MD
Bachelors in Forensic Chemistry
University of Central Florida
Orlando, FL
Bachelors in Forensic Science
University of Central Oklahoma
Edmond, OK
Bachelors in Forensic Bachelors in Forensic Science – Chemistry, Molecular Biology, Digital Forensics, Crime Scene Investigations
University of Mississippi
University, MS
Bachelors in Forensic Chemistry
University of New Haven
West Haven, CT
Bachelors in Forensic Science
University of North Texas
Denton, TX
Bachelors in Biochemistry, Biology, and Chemistry in Conjunction with Certificate Program
University of Ontario Institute of Technology
Oshawa, Ontario, Canada
Bachelors in Forensic Science
University of Tampa
Tampa, FL
Bachelors in Forensic Science
Utah Valley University
Orem, UT
Bachelors in Science with Forensic Laboratory Concentration, Bachelors in Science with Forensic Investigation Concentration
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, VA
Bachelors in Forensic Science, Concentrations in Forensic Biology, Forensic Chemistry, and Physical Evidence
West Chester University of Pennsylvania
West Chester, PA
Bachelors in Forensic and Toxicological Chemistry
West Virginia University
Morgantown, WV
Bachelors in Forensic and Investigative Sciences

Continuing education is required to maintain certification. Because of the important role criminalists play in solving crimes, it’s vital that they keep up with all the latest and newest techniques and procedures in the field. This is an ever-evolving field that requires criminalists have knowledge of every aspect of their work. The methods used to collect and analyze evidence seem to be constantly changing, and the criminalist must keep up with these methods.